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模範城市
2022-09-21

當代社會下你真的“幸福”嗎?英文中的“幸福”又該怎麼說?

到底何為幸福,我想這個問題很難有一個準確的答案,因為每個人對幸福所設定的標準各不相同,得出的答案自然也有所不同。對於出生於貧苦地區的孩子而言,每天能夠吃飽穿暖、上學讀書便已經是最幸福的生活,而對於生活在都市、競爭壓力極大的社會中的人來說,只有賺大錢、揚名立萬才能實現人生最終的幸福,才能滿足自己的慾望。

每天朝九晚五或是更忙碌的生活,讓人總是不禁懷疑自己所做的一切到底是為了什麼,可看到自己的薪水能夠滿足一家人的日常所需,看到一家人和睦相處、其樂融融,我們可能也會感受到幸福所在,而自己則要為幸福努力奮鬥。關於幸福在國外也有自己的英文,今天就讓我們來了解下英文中的“幸福”到底是什麼吧。

幸福的英文表達:happiness

看到happiness很多人會誤將它與形容詞happy混為一談,但happiness是名詞性的英文,其主要表達含義為“幸福”、“快樂”。因為幸福、快樂是心理感受,屬於抽象的事物,happiness也不具備複數形式,切記不要隨意變換其形式。

 

happiness的用法和例句

一、happiness作為名詞,它最主要的含義為“幸福”,例如

一個人的財富常常與他的幸福成反比。

A person's wealth is often in inverse proportion to their happiness.

她在晚年才尋得幸福。

She found happiness in her later years.

放棄工作是他為子女幸福所付出的小小代價。

Giving up his job was a small price to pay for his children's happiness.

你對幸福的定義是什麼?

What's your definition of happiness?

二、happiness除了表示“幸福”的感受外,還可以指“快樂”的含義

那些聲音充滿了快樂和喜悅,使海蒂的心激動起來。

Those sounds thrilled Heidi's heart and filled it with happiness and joy.

這是一種短暫的快樂,但人們對它的渴望不會減弱。

It is a brief happiness, but you will be not less keen for that.

她此後又通過收養一百多個孩子找到了快樂。

She has since gone on to find happiness by fostering more than 100 children.

他在努力回憶年輕時的快樂。

He was trying to recapture the happiness of his youth.

三、happiness某些時候還可以指“幸運”的含義,例如

你會為他人的幸運而感到欣喜嗎?

Do you usually rejoice in the happiness or good fortune of others?

他從未指望過幸運事。

A happiness that he had never expected.

嫉妒本身無快樂,只有在比較別人不幸的時候才能感到幸運。

Everybody feels their own happiness but when it may be compared with the misery of others.

四、特定情況下,happiness還可以表示“幸福感”、“幸福快樂”的意思

現在你們要用今生今世去關懷愛護你在這個世界最愛的人並保證使他(她)幸福快樂。

You are now taking into your care and keeping the happiness of the one person in the entire world whom you love the most.

BBC 新聞指出,人體會受到能產生“幸福感”的天然化學物質的影響。

The human body is influenced by natural chemicals that produce "a sense of happiness", noted BBC News.

當她把禮物送給我媽媽的時候,我看著他們,心裡充滿了自豪和幸福感。

When she gave the gift to my mother, I saw them full of pride and happiness.

 

happiness的短語舉例

一、happiness consists in contentment,該短語意思為“知足常樂”

快樂在於知足。一個不滿於現狀的人始終是處在痛苦之中。

Happiness consists in contentment. A man who is dissatisfied with his present condition is always in distress.

幸福是個比較級,懂得知足常樂才是硬道理!

Happiness is a comparative. understanding happiness consists in contentment is the hard truth!

二、wealth brings happiness,該短語意為“財富帶來幸福”,例如

認為財富能帶來幸福,這是一種錯誤的理解。

It's a fallacy to suppose that wealth brings happiness.

毫無疑問,尤其是在現代社會裡,財富帶來幸福。

There is no doubt that wealth brings happiness, especially in the modern society.

 

近義詞之一:felicity

felicity作為happiness的近義詞,它可以表示“幸福”、“快樂”的意思,也可以表示某些事情“恰到好處”、“得體”,本質上和happiness還是有一些區別,複數形式為felicities。

 

felicity的用法和舉例

一、felicity通常表達“幸福”的意思,例如

關於促進我的家庭幸福方面,你還有什麼別的意見嗎?

Have you any thing else to propose for my domestic felicity?

她寫信給那對新婚夫婦,祝愿他們婚姻生活幸福快樂。

She wrote a note to the newlyweds wishing them great felicity in their wedded life.

我相信你的明智選擇將保證你未來的家庭生活幸福美滿。

I believe that the excellent choice you have felicity made is an assurance of your future domestic.

對大多數人來說,財富是一種對無法想像的幸福的渴望。

Wealth is for most people a prospect of unimaginable felicity.

二、對於某些事物,felicity可表示“得體”的意思

他是一位文筆流暢,措辭得體、文雅而且溫和的作家。

He is a writer of fluency and felicity, of graciousness and gentleness.

 

近義詞之一:welfare

Welfare有且僅有名詞詞性,其實本義為政府給予群眾或個體的“福利”,不過特定情況下也可以表示“幸福”的意思,通過舉例我們來詳細了解下它的用法。

一、welfare最主要的表達含義為“福利”,舉例如下

對於低收入工人來說,福利救濟是唯一真正有效的保障措施。

Welfare is the only real safety net for low-income workers.

他計劃終止現行的福利制度。

He planned to end the welfare system as we know it.

他們旨在減少人們對福利制度的依賴。

Their aim is to reduce people's dependency on the welfare state.

政府仍然是福利的主要提供者。

The state is still the main provider of welfare.

二、welfare還可以表達“幸福”的意思,例如

他們所做的每一件事,都是為孩子的幸福。

They did everything for the welfare of their children.

你要對這個女孩的幸福負責。

You are responsible for the welfare of the girl.

人們守望相助,關心著彼此的幸福。

People looked out for one another and were concerned about the welfare of their fellows.

我認為他沒有考慮到埃瑪的幸福。

I do not think he is considering Emma's welfare.

 

總結

當我們疲於工作、學習的時候,靜下心去思考自己為何奮鬥努力,自然是為了自己和家人日後的幸福而打拼奮鬥,沒有點點滴滴的積累哪有日後如泉水般的“幸福”呢?希望今天的知識能給各位帶來啟迪、激勵的作用。