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模範城市
2022-09-21

你知道每天穿在身上的“衣服”,該用什麼英文表達嗎?

人類是靈長類動物中進化程度最高的種族,他們最先學會瞭如何利用工具、篝火來讓文明進步,但正所謂“有得有失”,人類在進化時捨棄掉了覆蓋全身並起到保暖效果的絨毛。每逢低溫季節來臨,缺乏體毛覆蓋的人類就會因體溫急劇下降而感染疾病,這時候貼身保暖的衣服便發揮了一定作用,代替靈長類的體毛來保存人體體溫。

最早的衣服大多由獸皮或者粗布製成,保暖效果不顯著,還因過於粗糙對人體造成不同程度的磨損。隨著紡織技術的飛速提升,人類不僅研究出了極其貼身、舒適的衣服,還根據個人的喜好創造了五顏六色的服飾打扮,並將自己的審美追求賦予到衣服上,形成了一股文化潮流。那麼你知道,這些靚麗的衣服該用英文怎麼說嗎?

衣服的基礎英文:clothes

clothes是我們最早學到的關於“衣服”的英文,它不光具有名詞詞性以及“衣服、服裝”的含義,還可以作為動詞表示“給..穿衣服”、“賦予”的動作,其現在分詞形式為“clothing”,過去式過去分詞為“clothed”或者是“clad”。不過相對於名詞來說使用頻率較低,我們在這裡側重於講解clothes的名詞詞性。

 

clothes的用法和例句

一、作為名詞詞性,clothes最主要的表達含義為“衣服”,舉例如下

他脫下濕衣服,擰乾了水。

He took off his wet clothes and squeezed the water out.

我帶了幾件衣服和一些書,別的就不多了。

I'm taking a few clothes and some books, not much else.

我沒時間在聚會前更換衣服。

I didn't have time to change clothes before the party.

為什麼浪費錢買你不需要的衣服呢?

Why waste money on clothes you don't need?

二、作名詞詞性時,clothes還可以表示“服裝”的意思

這支樂隊以怪異的服裝和發式而聞名。

The band were famous for their preposterous clothes and haircuts.

她認為昂貴的服裝是身份高貴的標誌。

She thinks expensive clothes are a mark of gentility.

人們走來走去,炫耀著他們最漂亮的服裝。

People were parading up and down showing off their finest clothes.

訂購服裝時記著要詳細說明你要的號碼。

Remember to specify your size when ordering clothes.

三、作為動詞來講,clothes可以表示“給..穿衣”、“賦予”的動作,例如

主啊,請賦予我的孩子們憐憫的美德。

Lord, please clothe my children with the virtue of compassion.

從孩提起,我就學會了給邁克爾餵飯穿衣。

As a boy, I learned to feed and clothe Mike.

他們給他們的孩子穿最時髦的服裝。

They clothe their children in the latest fashions.

為了使家人有吃有穿,她不得不勤奮地工作。

She has to work hard to feed and clothe her family.

 

相關短語

一、clothes dryer,dry本身有“乾燥”的意思,結合現實生活該短語的意思為“乾衣機”

他告訴BBC說,他和他男友沒有乾衣機,所以就去奶奶艾什沃斯的家裡洗衣服。

He told the BBC he and his boyfriend do not have a clothes dryer so they go to Ashworth's house for their laundry.

乾衣機發出奇怪的雜音。

The clothes dryer makes a funny noise.

媽媽也放了一些衣服到干衣機中。

Mother also puts some clothes in theclothesdryer.

二、clothes line,該短語意思為“晾衣繩”,例如

我們可用什麼把這捆起來呢?啊,這兒有根舊曬衣繩,正合用。

What can we tie this with? Oh, here's an old piece of clothes line. that's just the thing.

使用普通曬衣繩既可以省錢,又可見降低能耗。

We can save a lot of money and energy by using the humble clothes line.

晾衣繩被拉緊並繫牢。

The clothes line is pulled taut and secured.

灰色的床單在晾衣繩上飄來擺去的。

Grey sheets flapped on the clothes line.

 

近義詞:dress

提起dress,我們最先聯想到的便是它“連衣裙”的意思,其實dress一詞多義,作名詞時可以表示“連衣裙”、“衣服”的意思,作動詞時則可以表示“穿衣服”、“穿正式服裝”等含義,現在分詞形式為dressing,過去式為dressed。

 

dress的用法和舉例

一、dress作為名詞被使用時,它最常見的含義為“連衣裙”

那條連衣裙所費不菲吧!

That dress must have cost a bomb!

我覺得花100英鎊買一條連衣裙太奢侈了。

I felt very extravagant spending £ 100 on a dress.

她的連衣裙和我的幾乎一模一樣。

Her dress is almost identical to mine.

我得先把那件連衣裙燙平再穿。

I'll need to iron that dress before I can wear it.

二、dress作名詞時,它還可以表示“衣服”的含義,例如

她衝了澡,穿上衣服下樓去了。

She showered and dressed and went downstairs.

你這個懶漢還沒穿好衣服嗎?

Aren't you dressed yet, you lazy beggar?

她對她那件衣服花了多少錢有點吞吞吐吐。

She was a little coy about how much her dress cost.

這身衣服你需要用三米長的布料。

You need to allow three metres of fabric for the dress.

三、作動詞時,dress則可以表示“穿衣服”的動作

在小旅館穿正式服裝顯得很可笑。

Dressing formal dress at inns would be funny.

去那種飯店赴宴,你得穿正式服裝。

It's the sort of hotel where you're expected to dress for dinner.

孩子們洗完澡,穿好衣服,然後下樓吃午飯。

The boys bathed, dressed and went downstairs for lunch.

這個小孩太小不能自己穿衣服,所以他的媽媽幫助他穿衣服。

The boy is too little to dress himself, so his mother helps him on with the clothes.

 

dress的相關短語

一、casual dress、formal dress分別表示“便裝”、“正裝”的意思,例如

該場合要求搭配正裝。

The occasion requires formal dress.

停車場裡擠滿了穿著正裝的人們,他們都是目擊證人。

The lot was crowded with people in formal dress. They were all witnesses.

40%的公司允許員工每天穿便服上班,而在2012年只有36%的公司這麼做。

Forty percent of the companies allowed casual dress every day, up from 36 in 2012.

我以前工作的那個地方對著裝沒有特別的要求。

I formerly worked in a casual dress environment.

二、dress appropriately,該短語意為“著裝得體”

你要確保你的服裝搭配得體,乾淨整潔。

Make sure that everything matches and is clean, and also that you dress appropriately for the date.

面試的時候,準時赴約,著裝得體,表現自信而有激情。

When you get an interview, show up on time, dress appropriately, and act confident and enthusiastic.

 

總結

沒想到隨處可見的衣服上還有這麼多學問,它不僅能為我們增加魅力、保暖,還能帶來不少文化知識。雖然這些表示衣服的英文比較常見,但這也是考驗一個人英文基礎是否牢固的考驗,藉此機會好好檢查下自己的英文學習到底有沒有預期之中那麼優秀吧。